The Option Mood

Also known as: present optative, vidhi ("injunction"), liṅ

Introduction

Now we will study the option mood. This term refers to verbs that let us state what we could do, should do, or would do. It is used to talk about situations that haven't occurred and things that might not exist.

Conjugation

Each group of endings will be compared with its counterpart in the ordinary past tense.

P Endings

The P endings are similar to the past endings, but they're not exactly the same. Take a look:

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-bhu-opt-p.html): failed to open stream: No such file or directory

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(): Failed opening '/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-bhu-opt-p.html' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/share/php')

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

These endings differ from the past endings in only three ways.

Now for the complex verb classes. The strong stem is not used.

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-su-opt-p.html): failed to open stream: No such file or directory

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(): Failed opening '/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-su-opt-p.html' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/share/php')

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

These endings differ from the endings of the ordinary past tense in two ways.

A Endings

In the atmanepada version of the option mood, all verbs use the same endings. These endings are identical to the endings of the ordinary past tense, with some changes. Take a look:

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-labh-opt-a.html): failed to open stream: No such file or directory

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(): Failed opening '/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-labh-opt-a.html' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/share/php')

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-su-opt-a.html): failed to open stream: No such file or directory

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: include(): Failed opening '/public/vhost/l/learnsanskrit/html/include/c-su-opt-a.html' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/share/php')

Filename: helpers/general_helper.php

Line Number: 6

These endings differ from the past endings of the simple verb classes in three ways: