The Command Mood

Also known as: present imperative, ājñā ("command"), loṭ

Introduction

Back in Nouns, we studied just three of the many forms in the command mood. These three forms applied only to parasmaipada verbs from the simple verb classes. We have many more endings to study. Fortunately, these endings are almost identical to the ones we've been studying.

Endings

Each group of endings will be compared with its counterpart in the ordinary past tense.

P Endings

The simple verb classes and the complex verb classes use the same set of endings. Let's take a look at the endings:

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The first-person endings have lost the visarga. Note the change from m to n in the first-person singular.

Here is an example for the complex verbs. The third-person singular uses the strong stem, and all three of the first-person forms use the strong stem as well.

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A Endings

Here are the A endings for verbs from the simple verb classes.

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Now, here are the A endings for verbs from the complex verb classes. The endings are almost exactly the same.

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These are the differences between the two sets of endings:

We have seen this sort of change twice: in the present ātmanepada (nte → ate) and in the past ātmanepada (nta → ata).