Regular Roots

For the most part, the traditional roots are weakened versions of the roots we've learned so far, as you can see below:

Some roots, however will weaken to a long vowel instead of a short vowel:

Roots that end in nasals stay the same: gam stays gam, and so on.

With this redefinition of the verb root, we have to modify some of our earlier rules:

As you can see, this system makes word formation slightly more complicated than it was before. In the next lesson, we will study a form that argues the opposite. That is, the new form will show that the traditional system makes many things easier. Even for this new form, though, we should still remember the system that we have used so far.