The command mood
Also known as: the imperative mood, ājñā (“command”), loṭ
The present tense and the command mood use similar endings. So, let's learn about the command mood next.
The command mood is used for commands. We commonly see the command mood in the second person:
(You all) lead!
But in the first and third persons, it has slightly different meanings:
रामो वनं गच्छतु
rāmo vanaṃ gacchatu
May Rama go to the forest.
किम् करवाणि ते?
kim karavāṇi te?
What may I do for you?
Here are the endings of the command mood as used with the stem naya:
Notice that the first-person endings still use a long ā. There are other similarities as well: nayati is replaced by nayatu, and nayanti by nayantu.
But there are also some major differences. In particular, notice these five endings:
These five endings will repeat in the next two tense-moods.