Pronominal adjectives

There are many adjectives that use the same endings as pronouns like tad. We can call these adjectives pronominal adjectives since they are adjectives that behave like pronouns.

Here are some common examples:

  • पूर्व → पूर्वस्मिन् दिने
    pūrva → pūrvasmin dine
    previous → on the previous day

  • पर → परस्मिन् दिने
    para → parasmin dine
    next → on the next day

  • एक → एकस्मिन् दिने
    eka → ekasmin dine
    one → on a certain day

  • अन्य → अन्यस्मिन् दिने
    anya → anyasmin dine
    other → on another day

  • सर्व → सर्वे नराः
    sarva → sarve narāḥ
    all → all men

  • विश्वे → विश्वे देवाः
    viśve → viśve devāḥ
    all → all gods

But there is one small exception. Apart from anya and a few rarer stems, all of these pronominal adjectives use -m in the neuter singular of cases 1 and 2:

  • एकम् फलम्
    ekam phalam
    one fruit

  • सर्वम् उदकम्
    sarvam udakam
    all the water

  • अन्यत् फलम्
    anyat phalam
    another fruit