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Past Participles | Learn Sanskrit Online

Past Participles

Here, we will finish our study of the past participles.

parasmaipada and ātmanepada

The parasmaipada and ātmanepada past participles are identical. Both are formed by adding the suffix -vat — yes, the same suffix in the word bhagavat — to the end of the PPP. The result is used just like a -vat noun.

Review

In this lesson, we finished our study of the Sanskrit participle — for now, at least. Take a look at the chart below, and review the forms we've learned:

Participles — bhū
भू parasmaipada ātmanepada Passive
Past Tense भूतवत्
bhūtavat
भूतवत्
bhūtavat
भूत
bhūta
Present Tense भवत्
bhavat
भवमान
bhavamāna
भूयमान
bhūyamāna
Future Tense भविष्यत्
bhaviṣyat
भविष्यमान
bhaviṣyamāna
भवितव्य, भाव्य, भवनीय
bhavitavya, bhāvya, bhavanīya