A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Only variable references should be returned by reference

Filename: core/Common.php

Line Number: 243

Exercises: Primary Suffixes | Learn Sanskrit Online

Exercises: Primary Suffixes

Vocabulary

From our small stock of words, we will produce many more. Observe these words and understand how they are derived; not all of them will be used in the exercises, but most of them will appear later on in the guide. The ability to guess what verb root a noun comes from (if any) is a valuable skill that will help you greatly as you continue to learn Sanskrit.

Since the -ana suffix is so common and regular, nouns that are formed from it will not be shown. But if the word formed has an unusual or unpredictable meaning, then it will be shown as usual.

जीव्
jīv
जीवति
jīvati
live
जीव
jīva
m
living being; breath of life; jiva
भव्
bhav
भवति
bhavati
be, become, arise
भाव
bhāva
m
being; state, reality; truth
संभव्
saṃbhav
संभवति
saṃbhavati
be born, come together
संभव
saṃbhava
m
birth, origin, source
शोच्
śoc
शोचति
śocati
suffer, grieve
शोक
śoka
m
suffering, sorrow, anguish, grief
जय्
jay
जयति
jayati
win, conquer
जय
jaya
m
conquest, victory, triumph
विजय्
vijay
विजयति
vijayati
vanquish, master, be victorious, be superior
विजय
vijaya
m
jaya; a name
संजय्
saṃjay
संजयति
saṃjayati
gain, completely conquer
संजय
saṃjaya
m
jaya; a name
This word and vijaya are almost identical in meaning to jaya, but the prefixes lend different connotations to the words. vijaya captures a sort of "conquering" or "proactive" victory, and it brings up associations of triumph, plunder, superiority, and might. saṃjaya, however, describes a sort of "total" or "complete" victory. The word focuses more on the act of being victorious than the result of victory.
मोह्
moh
मुह्यति
muhyati
lose one's way, become confused, lose consciousness
मोह
moha
m
delusion, error, loss of awareness
संमोह्
saṃmoh
संमुह्यति
saṃmuhyati
become perplexed, go astray
संमोह
saṃmoha
m
ignorance, delusion, mental misapprehension

Words from new verb roots

क्रोध्
krodh
क्रुध्यति
krudhyati
be angry
क्रोध
krodha
m
anger, wrath, rage
नन्द्
nand
नन्दति
nandati
rejoice, be delighted
नन्द
nanda
m
joy, delight
आनन्द्
ānand
आनन्दति
ānandati
gladden, bless, be delighted
आनन्द
ānanda
m
bliss
काङ्क्ष्
kāṅkṣ
काङ्क्षते
kāṅkṣate
desire, wish for

Reduction

Below are some nouns derived from the roots we've already studied. Reduce these nouns back to their verb forms. Some of these nouns are made with prefixes.

Translation

Translate from English to Sanskrit.

Translate from Sanskrit to English.

Answers

Reduction

Translation