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Exercises: Atmanepada | Learn Sanskrit Online

Exercises: Ātmanepada

Vocabulary

The inflected form provided in the second column shows both the verb's class and whether the verb tends to be parasmaipada, ātmanepada, or both. Verbs in both parasmaipada and ātmanepada mean about the same thing in either.

काश्
kāś
काशते
kāśate
shine brilliantly
भज्
bhaj
भजति -ते
bhajati -te
distribute, have a share of, enjoy; revere, love, adore [phage, Bhagavad Gita]
भाष्
bhāṣ
भाषते
bhāṣate
speak
मन्
man
मन्यते
manyate
think, believe, consider [mental]
रम्
ram
रमते
ramate
enjoy, delight (in), be glad [Rama]
लभ्
labh
लभते
labhate
obtain [di-lemma]
वर्त्
vart
वर्तते
vartate
turn, proceed, occur, exist [vortex, versus]
! जन्
jan
जायते
jāyate
be born, be generated [genesis]
! मर्
mar
म्रियते
mriyate
die [mortal]

Irregular verbs are few in number, but they are common. Since they are so common, you will not have much trouble remembering them.

Devanagari

Write the sentences below in IAST.

Matching

Match the verb root to the word it produces. These exercises might be difficult, but they are good practice.

Verb Root
New Word
bhāṣ
mīmāṃsā
kāś
lābha
bhaj
bhāṣā
ram
amṛtatva
vart
rāma
jan
prakāśena
labh
bhajana
man
vartmānam
mar
jajñire

Translation

Translate from English to Sanskrit. As before, memorization is not important. To emphasize that fact, here are the endings from the lesson:

labh (a+, A, present tense)
लभ् Singular Dual Plural
Third Person लभते
labhate
लभेते
labhete
लभन्ते
labhante
Second Person लभसे
labhase
लभेथे
labhethe
लभध्वे
labhadhve
First Person लभे
labhe
लभावहे
labhāvahe
लभामहे
labhāmahe

Translate from Sanskrit to English.

Answers

Devanagari

As before, English meanings are provided for your curiosity.

Matching

Verb Root
New Word
bhāṣ
bhāṣā
kāś
prakāśena
bhaj
bhajana
ram
rāma
vart
vartmānam
jan
jajñire
labh
lābha
man
mīmāṃsā
mar
amṛtatva

Translation