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Exercises: Samprasarana | Learn Sanskrit Online

Exercises: Saṃprasāraṇa

Vocabulary

Words marked with a star ( * ) are derived in ways that we have not discussed yet. And, words marked with question marks (???) are verb roots from classes that we have not studied.

The samprasarana roots

! प्रछ्
prach
पृच्छति
pṛcchati
ask [post-ulate]
prach is included in the -a0 class.
यज्
yaj
यजति
yajati
worship, adore, honor [hagio-graphy?]
वद्
vad
वदति
vadati
speak, say
वाद
vāda
m
speech, word, utterance, statement
वदन
vadana
n
"act of speaking"; mouth, face (the same as mukha)
वच्
vac
???
speak, talk [voice, vocal, vox]
वचन
vacana
n
"talking" ; speech, statement, utterance
सुवचन
suvacana
n
good speech, eloquence
सुवचन
suvacana
mfn
speaking well; eloquent
वक्त्र
vaktra
n
"means of talking"; mouth, face (the same as mukha, vadana)
वस्
vas
वसति
vasati
live, dwell (in), remain (in) [ves-tal, was, were]
The English verb "be" has many different forms, including "am," "are," "is," "be," "been," "was," and "were." These forms come from three different Indo-European roots. Now, "am," "are," and "is" are from a separate verb that we have not studied; but "be" and "been," as we've seen already, come from the same word that gives us bhū. Likewise, "was" and "were" come from the same verb that gives us vas.
स्वप्
svap
???
sleep [sop-orific, somn-olent]

Miscellaneous Words

अन्
an
???
breathe, gasp [an-imal, an-imate]
अनीक
anīka
mn
face; front; army, forces
This word uses a rare primary suffix without a distinct meaning.
ऊह्
ūh
ऊहति
ūhati
push, thrust, move
व्यूह्
vyūh
व्यूहति
vyūhati
arrange, draw up in battle
* व्यूढ
vyūḍha
mfn
arranged, made in formation
तदा
tadā
uninflected
then; afterward
चाप
cāpa
mn
arrow
सृज्
sṛj
सृजति
sṛjati
release, let fly, cast, fall, create (the universe)
विसृज्
visṛj
विसृजति
visṛjati
shoot; shed, remove
विश्
viś
विशति
viśati
enter (into), settle down [villa, ec-onomy]
उपविश्
upaviś
उपविशति
upaviśati
sit down

Producing gerunds

Give the gerund of each of the verb roots below. Give a translation of each gerund, as well.

Translation

Translate from Sanskrit to English.

Answers

Producing gerunds

Translation