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Exercises: Regular Roots | Learn Sanskrit Online

Exercises: Regular Roots

In the exercises below, we'll practice with the traditional versions of the roots we've studied so far.

Vocabulary

Take a look at the traditional roots featured below, and compare them to the version we've used so far. Note that some roots are identical in both systems. These roots are highlighted below.

Regular

Our Root
Traditional Root
एष्
eṣ
इष्
iṣ
क्षय्
kṣay
क्षि
kṣi
जय्
jay
जि
ji
तर्
tar
तॄ
tṝ
दर्श्
darś
दृश्
dṛś
नय्
nay
नी
बोध्
bodh
बुध्
budh
भव्
bhav
भू
bhū
मर्
mar
मृ
mṛ
मोह्
moh
मुह्
muh
वर्त्
vart
वृत्
vṛt
शोच्
śoc
शुच्
śuc
सर्ज्
sarj
सृज्
sṛj
स्मर्
smar
स्मृ
smṛ
स्था
sthā
स्था
sthā
निन्द्
nind
निन्द्
nind
जीव्
jīv
जीव्
jīv

Irregular

Our Root
Traditional Root
गम्
gam
गम्
gam
चर्
car
चर्
car
नन्द्
nand
नन्द्
nand
प्रछ्
prach
प्रछ्
prach
रञ्ज्
rañj
रञ्ज्
rañj
हस्
has
हस्
has

With the exception of prach, try to understand why these roots don't change. If we try to weaken these roots, then we get sounds that are difficult to pronounce, like gm or hs or cr. In practice, then, these weakened forms are pronounced like gam, has, car, and so on. The a in the traditional roots reflects this fact.

Translation

The verbs in these sentences below have been changed into the traditional roots. Using the root, recreate the original sentence. Make sure to apply the correct sandhi rules, and give the sentence's meaning when you're done. (These sentences are not from Sanskrit texts.)

Answers

Translation