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Reading | Learn Sanskrit Online

Reading: Bhagavad Gītā 1.1-1.2

At the beginning of Starting Out, I mentioned that we would eventually be able to understand the highlighted words in the first two verses of the Bhagavad Gita:

First, study the new vocabulary below:

धृ
dhṛ
धरति
dharati
bear, carry, preserve [firm, throne]
धर्म
dharma
m
fundamental nature; law, conduct, virtue, character
This word is formed with the primary suffix ma, which does not usually have a strong meaning. Most often, it denotes an abstract quality. It is derived from a suffix we will study later on.
धर्म्य
dharmya
mfn
just, virtuous, righteous
क्षि
kṣi
???
stay, dwell, reside
क्षेत्र
kṣetra
n
"means of residing"; land, field, region

Now, give the fullest explanation of those words that you can. Leave no detail out. If you want to get an idea of how much detail is expected, try reading the explanation for dharmakṣetre below.

18th century illustrated manuscript of the battle at Kurukshetra.

An illustrated manuscript of the Mahabharata showing the battle at Kurukshetra. The manuscript is from about the 18th century, but it looks much older. Due to the hot and humid climate of India, printed material decays quickly. Volumes and volumes of Sanskrit texts have been devoured by white ants, lost to us forever. For more information about Sanskrit manuscripts and their preservation, visit the manuscripts library web page at the Kerala University web site. (Image source: wikipedia.org)

Answers

These answers all start with a chunk from the verse and reduce it to basic parts. Read the rules in each box in order. Non-reducible forms are highlighted.

Note that nouns are abbreviated with three symbols: the gender (m, f, n), the case (1 through 8), and the number (singular, dual, plural). Note also that if an analysis involves a word ending that we haven't studied, then the word is featured with a single question mark (?).

धर्मक्षेत्रे

कुरुक्षेत्रे

मामकाः

पाण्डवाश्चैव

संजय

दृष्ट्वा

तु

पाण्डवानीकं

दुर्योधनस् तदा

आचार्यम्

उपसंगम्य

वचनम्

With that, the last lesson of Starting Out comes to a close. Continue to the next page to review the material we've studied so far.