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Prefixes | Learn Sanskrit Online

Prefixes

Verb Prefixes

Together and Apart

सम्
sam
 
with, together; completely, absolutely
वि
vi
 
divided, asunder, apart; different

Near and Far

ā
 
near, toward, up to
उप
upa
 
toward, near next to; under, below
अभि
abhi
 
upon, over; toward, into [by, amphi-theater]
अपि
api
 
placing near, uniting with, reaching [epi-center]
अप
apa
 
away (from), off, without [apo-calypse]
अव
ava
 
down from, off, away
परा
parā
 
aside, away, off [para-noia]

Around

परि
pari
 
around, about; fully, beyond; away

Over and Under

अति
ati
 
beyond, over
अधि
adhi
 
above, over
उद्
ud
 
up, upward
अनु
anu
 
after, under, alongside

Inward and Outward

नि
ni
 
inward, within; down, back
निस्
nis
 
outward, without; out, forth

Forward and Backward

प्र
pra
 
forward, in front
प्रति
prati
 
back, again, opposite (to)

Good and Bad

सु
su
 
everything good (virtuous, beautiful, easy, well, …)
दुस्
dus
 
everything bad (evil, inferior, difficult, …)

Noun Prefixes

a
 
not X (for nouns that start with consonants)
अन्
an
 
not X (for nouns that start with vowels)
sa
 
with X