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Exercises: Verb Bits | Learn Sanskrit Online

Exercises: Verb Bits

Vocabulary

New roots and forms

अस्
as
???
be [is, am, are, es-sence]
अस्ति
asti
inflected
He is
असि
asi
inflected
You (singular) are
अस्मि
asmi
inflected
I am
विद्
vid
???
see, know, understand [wise wit, vision]
This root is identical to the a0-class root vid, meaning "find." But although these two roots are identical, they behave very differently.
वेद
veda
inflected
I know / He knows
वेद
veda
m
sacred knowledge, lore; the Vedas
Note that this is a regular word formed by the a primary suffix.
वैदिक
vaidika
mfn
relating to the Vedas; "Vedic"
वैदिक
vaidika
m
one who is well-versed in the Vedas.
वच्
vac
???
speak, talk [voice, vocal, vox]
उवाच
uvāca
inflected
he/she/it spoke
अह्
ah
??
speak
आह
āha
inflected
he/she/it spoke
आहुः
āhuḥ
inflected
they spoke

General vocabulary

अस्
as
अस्यति
asyati
throw, cast
Note that this is not the same as word that gives us asti.
आस
āsa
m
something that throws or hurls; a bow
समस्
samas
समस्यति
samasyati
throw together, combine
समास
samāsa
m
The Sanskrit term for the compound
सामासिक
sāmāsika
mfn
related to the compound system
अव्
av
avati
protect
Note that this root is stated as av — and not u or something similar — for a good reason. By learning the root as av, we can better remember the gerund and PPP: avitvā and avita.
क्षर्
kṣar
क्षरति
kṣarati
perish, melt away
क्षर
kṣara
mfn
perishable
अक्षर
akṣara
mfn
imperishable
अक्षर
akṣara
m
the Sanskrit term for letters

Translation

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Answers

Translation